Codes of practice attempt to minimize risk by technical standards of design, materials, workmanship and maintenance for plumbing systems. The main aims of the codes are:
- To ensure that planners, administrators and plumbers develop the required competency to ensure that the codes are applied and upheld.
- Those standards are set to ensure that the plumbing assemblies, materials and technologies are safe and effective.
- To ensure that plumbing installations meet these standards.
- To ensure safety and effectiveness continuously through the proper maintenance of these installations
Uniform Plumbing Code - India
The Uniform Illustrated Plumbing Code-India (UIPC-I) is a product of the joint effort of the Indian Plumbing Association (IPA) and International Association of Plumbing & Mechanical Officials (IAPMO), with world headquarters in USA.
The first edition of the Uniform Plumbing Code (UPC) in North America was officially adopted by IAPMO in 1945, based on the recommendations of the committee comprising of plumbing inspectors, master and journeyman plumbers, sanitary and mechanical engineers, public utility companies and the plumbing industry. Since then, the code has gone through consensus development, mitigating the disorder in the industry as a result of widely divergent plumbing practices and the use of many different and often conflicting plumbing codes.
The rapid development of the Indian Construction Industry in the past decade required the plumbing industry to keep pace with modern plumbing technology. For this, the codes, standards and practices required improvements to be comparable to international standards. The basic document for plumbing, which can be considered as uniform throughout India, is one part in the National Building Code of the Bureau of Indian Standards, implementation of which is voluntary, until adopted by local statutory bodies.
With intent to incorporate and implement the latest technology and systems for the protection of public health and hygiene and bring uniformity to the installation of plumbing works throughout the country, IPA has ventured into the preparation of a uniform code, applicable all over India.
The modified UPC-I has kept all basic principles of the original UPC intact but edited to suit the Indian laws, conditions and accepted good engineering practices. The UPC-I has been designed to provide a lucid, comprehensive technical reference to the citizens of India for safe plumbing practices and at the same time allowing latitude for innovation and introduction of new technology.
The UPC-I has been prepared by the Technical Committee comprising of some of the eminent Consultants, Project Managers, Academicians, Contractors and Manufacturers in the country, specially formed for this purpose by the IPA. The UPC-I was first published in 2008 and it is IPA’s intention to revise, update and re-publish this document at regular intervals in the future. The 2011 UPC-I is based on the 2009 version of the Uniform Plumbing Code. The latest 2017 Uniform Illustrated Plumbing Code - India (UIPC-I) is a reaffirmed version of the 2014 UIPC-I with further amendments by the IPA, its Technical Committee and IAPMO India.
Green Plumbing Code Supplement - India
IAPMO created the ‘Committee for the Awareness and Understanding of a Sustainable Environment’ (CAUSE) and the Green Technical Committee (GTC). The GTC was charged with the development of the IAPMO’s Green Plumbing and Mechanical Code Supplement (GPMCS) in an effort to fulfill the IAPMO’s call for a reduction in energy and water consumption in the Uniform Codes.
IPA entered into an agreement with IAPMO India to review IAPMO’s Green Plumbing and Mechanical Code Supplement (GPMCS), modify it to suit Indian conditions, practices and laws and adapt it as ‘Green Plumbing Code Supplement – India’ (GPCS-I) to the Uniform Plumbing Code – India (UPC-I). GPCS-I is a supplement to UPC-I and its ITM. The GPCS-I has been prepared by the Technical Committee comprising some of the eminent Consultants, Project Managers, Contractors and Manufacturers in the country, specially formed for this purpose by IPA. The Committee along with IAPMO staff has been supported in this endeavour by many leading professionals in the Indian plumbing industry.
GPCS-I is the most comprehensive document on sustainable plumbing systems to maintain the high standards for protecting public health and safety. This document is a model code for jurisdictions implementing green guidelines.
Water Efficient Products - India
Rapid development of the Indian Construction Industry in the last decade required the plumbing industry to keep pace with modern plumbing technology. In order to achieve this, the codes, standards and practices needed to be improved, to be comparable to international standards.
WEP-I is a Rating System for Sustainable Plumbing in India. The increasing need for defining water efficient products in India prompted IPA’s Technical Committee (TC) to develop such a document in collaboration with IAPMO-India. Prior to 2011 Water Efficient Products-India (WEP-I), no rating system for water efficient products existed in India. The WEP-I was first published in 2011 and revised in 2013.
The revised 2017 WEP-I is a set of recommendations to all those who are involved in the design, engineering, manufacturing, selection, installation and maintenance of water efficient plumbing products in India. As of the date of publication of 2017 WEP-I, the provisions in this Code are not mandatory. The use of WEP-I is intended to encourage use of water efficient products, to incorporate and implement the latest technologies and systems and provide uniformity in the performance of products.
The Code references in this publication are taken from the 2017 Uniform Illustrated Plumbing Code-India (UIPC-I) and 2013 Green Plumbing Code Supplement-India (GPCS-I). WEP-I has been prepared jointly by IAPMO-India and the Technical Committee (TC) of IPA comprising of some of the eminent Consultants, Academicians, Project Managers, Contractors and Manufacturers in the country. TC has been supported in this endeavour by other leading professionals in the industry. IPA and IAPMO-India thank all those involved in the process, especially for the following supporting statements from the green rating organisations such as ADaRSH (part of GRIHA, Green Rating for Integrated habitat Assessment), IGBC (Indian Green Building Council) and USGBC (U.S. Green Building Council) respectively
Uniform Swimming Pool Code- India
To incorporate and implement the latest technology and systems for the swimming pools, spa and hot tubs and to bring uniformity to its installation throughout the country, IPA has ventured into the preparation of the Uniform Swimming Pool Code-India (USPC-I), to be applicable all over the country. The USPC-I has been designed to provide a lucid, comprehensive technical reference to the citizens of India for good practices and at the same time allowing latitude for innovation and introduction of new technology. The use of this document is intended to provide functional swimming pools with minimum regulations. This Code provides recommendatory guidelines for minimum requirements and standards for the protection of the health and safety of users.
Uniform Solar Energy Code- India
The overall development of India and the resultant perennial shortage of energy has necessitated identification of renewable energy sources. Solar energy has been universally recognized as an economical and viable source. Codes and practices of international standards needed to be established in the country for manufacturing and installation of solar energy products and systems. The USEC-I has been designed to provide a lucid, comprehensive technical reference and at the same time allowing latitude for innovation and introduction of new technology. Other publications from the Bureau of Indian Standards and Ministry of New and Renewable Energy may also be referred as applicable.
Uniform Mechanical Code- India
The Uniform Mechanical Code™ is focused on achievable goals that conserve energy and related precious resources and reduce waste, while still enabling mechanical professionals to build affordable buildings with more efficient construction products and practices.
The Uniform Mechanical Code-India™ (UMC-I™) which is evolved from UMC™, provides required guidelines useful professionals involved in the design, installation and maintenance of Heating, Mechanical Ventilation, Cooling, Refrigeration, Incinerators, power generation units, Life Safety and miscellaneous building services and systems, while at the same time allowing latitude for innovation and new technologies.
Uniform Mechanical Code- India, Illustrated Training Manual
The Uniform Mechanical Code-India, Illustrated Training Manual™ (UMC-I, ITM™) provides required guidelines for the design, installation and maintenance of Heating, Mechanical Ventilation, Cooling, Refrigeration and miscellaneous building services and systems, while at the same time allowing latitude for innovation and new technologies. UMC-I, ITM™ is the most comprehensive document ever created in India to standardize sustainable residential, industrial and commercial mechanical systems. The process of developing UMC-I, ITM™ brought together volunteers representing varied viewpoints and interests to achieve consensus on mechanical issues. Widespread awareness and adaptation and of these codes could result in a combined effort by the entire construction and infrastructure sector towards a cleaner and greener environment, thereby greatly reducing the carbon footprint.
Green Mechanical Code Supplement - India
The Green Mechanical Code Supplement-India (GMCS-I), published by the IAPMO Plumbing Codes and Standards India Pvt. Ltd. (IAPMO –India), is the first document of its kind. The supplement is a separate document from the Uniform Mechanical Code India (UMC-I) and establishes requirement for green building efficiency applicable to Heating Ventilation, Air-Conditioning systems, Boilers, Incinerators, and other miscellaneous cooling and heat-producing systems and appliances, while conserving energy and protecting the planet earth. The GMCS-I designed to facilitate safe and reliable sustainable Mechanical HVAC-R construction practices. The supplement also serves as a repository for the provisions that may be integrated into the Uniform codes.
With an intent to incorporate and implement the latest technology and systems for the protection of public health and safety and bring uniformity to the installation and maintenance of mechanical heating, ventilating, cooling, and refrigeration systems, IAPMO India and voluntary members of Indian Mechanical & HVAC-R Industry known as “Technical Committee Members” work together to use, adopt, and supplement the 2012 Green Plumbing and Mechanical Code Supplement (GPMCS) published by IAPMO USA. The modified 2014 GMCS-I has maintained the original contents but edited to suit the Indian law and conditions and accepted good engineering practices.
The supplement serves as a resource for authorities and progressive jurisdictions that are implementing green building and energy efficiency programs or enforcing existing green ordinances. This supplement also serves as a resource for Mechanical HVAC-R consultants, contractors, engineers, and manufacturers in designing and installing green mechanical HVAC-R systems.
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